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If you're trying to choose between an MPA and an MBA quickly, this is the post for you!

No muss, no fuss.  Here are the most important factors to consider when choosing between the MPA and the MBA.

STUDIES
MBAs focus on economics, finance and marketing, aiming for jobs in the private sector or hedging their bets between private and non-profit.  
MPAs negotiate and face trade-offs, seek grants, and learn to manage policy and human resources, focusing on public sector or socially conscious business.

COST AND VALUE OF DEGREE
MBAs are elite, expensive, and highly competitive.  They are widely available.  They are financed via family money, earnings or loans.  They are somewhat flexible, allowing non-profit, for-profit, and entrepreneurial career paths.
MPAs are less common, more niche, but also more affordable.  They are financed via loans, tuition forgiveness, and financial aid.  They are highly flexible, allowing non-profit, public sector, and for-profit career paths.
Both degrees learn operations management, project managment, and leadership.

LIKELY JOB PLACEMENT
MBAs go into marketing, management, finance, consulting, and entrepreneurship.
MPAs go into urban planning, research and budget analysis, government, and national security.

WHERE TO GO
For an MBA, consider Wharton, HBS, Stanford, Kellogg, or NYU Stern.  
For an MPA/MPP, consider Johns Hopkins SAIS, Columbia SIPA, Harvard KSG, or Indiana Bloomington.

HYBRID APPROACHES
Stern offers a Social Innovation and Impact specialization which can overlap with MPA needs, and HBS offers a dual degree at the Kennedy School, which can be paired with other degrees.  Georgetown offers an MSFS/MBA for foreign focus.  Tufts' Fletcher school offers a well-regarded MIB 2-year degree with good job placement options.